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    Kurdish women

CONSTRUCTING IDENTITIES AT THE MARGINS: Masculinities and Citizenship in the Israeli Army

Orna Sasson-Levy argues In Israel, as elsewhere, notions of masculinity play a significant role in shaping the institutions that structure our lives.
With this background on the presence of masculinities and these impacts on social stratification within communities.
This includes it is argued, the marking of citizenship, the construction of the labor market, as well as the judicial system.
Thus if this demarkation of masculinity and femininity is manipulated by the military for military purposes.
The argument is also made regarding the use of military force for state legitimization and the concepts of citizenship.
"Thus, military identity practices make a direct link between masculinityand the state and, therefore, are salient in the construction of both gender and civic
identities."
Sasson-Levy
In the case of the Kurds, this argument can be made in order to construct how the legitimization of military and the masculine roles defined by the military impose and create social stratification.

This article derives from a larger study of the construction of masculine identities within
the Israeli military (Sasson-Levy 2000). The larger study employs two related qualitative
methodologies: the phenomenological methodology that analyzes social reality from the
subjective point of view of those who live within it (Geertz 1973;Taylor 1987) and a feminist methodology that emphasizes gender as the main (but not only) analytic category (Smith 1990), demanding the reflexivity of the researcher and intending to expose and analyze social structures of inequality
This methodology is problematic for my own research because the main category for the study is the impact of gender on social structures. this main category for my own research implies that the main category effecting social structures is the participation in military service.
the strucutre of this research of this is helpful in my own work in that Sasson-Levy conducted 'in-depth' interviews with the subjects within a year of their release from the military in order to determine how masculinities and femininities are embodied through forms of everyday expression within people's consciousness, their practices, symbols, and metaphors.
The method also will prove to be different than my proposed study because "Thus, the interviews concentrated on everyday practices within the military and their subjective interpretation by the soldiers, and not, for example, on life stories or inner motives." The interviews are focused on the participation within Military service instead of a comparison of life before military service and after.

"In analyzing the interviews, I used Amadeo Giorgi's (1975) method, searching for recurring gendered or national themes that the soldiers in each occupational group expressed in their practices or narratives."

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