Galia Golan argues that the army is an integral role in a society that is embroiled in armed conflict. This creates for a status stratification for those who participate in such an organization. "It may be
argued, however, that given the centrality of the
institution of the military in a society at war,
however repugnant war may be, total exclusion
from this institution would only contribute still
further to gender inequality and the view of
women as subsidiary, unimportant, marginal to the
Golan argues that the stratification of roles between men and women within the military creates gender inequalities that carry over into Israeli society.
Golan asks how this participation in the military and the subsiquent gender inequality effects women's status in society and the factors within in the military that places women on a lower status than men. This includes factors related to the amount of time women serve (which is less than men) the factor that women are not able to serve in combat roles (the closer a soldier is to combat the higher status they have) and the accessability to exemption for women from the military entirely. Women aren't allowed to serve in combat positions unofficially because of the fear that women will be raped. This reflects on the fear within society and protection of women as a subordinate and helpless entity that is in need of protection (of her honor).
"Status in an army is determined by one's relationship
tO combat. In the Israel Defense Forces
(IDF), men are the only sex that can serve in
combat positions. The reason most often given
(though not offÉcially) for excluding women from
combat positions is that women might fall prisoner
and be raped (Bloom, 1991). This is an
explanation that certainly exemplifies and reinforces
the stereotypical view of women as vulnerable
and in need of protection -- ignoring the fact
that men too may be subject to atrocities and
indignities as prisoners. "